ART H 201
Ancient Roman Urbanism
Focus on military architecture: defensive and offensive warfare
enclosing wall--> fortified
grid planning for it's practicality, not necessarily for prevention of its invaders
Plan of the forum, Pompeii, Italy, founded 6th century BCE.
Remained untouched since 1st cent.
Taken over by the Romans in 80 BCE
Walls are oval, not square
Mt. Vetruvius is 6 miles away from the base
August 24th, 79 CE: eruption (consumed with ash)
Wealthy left; poorer and slaves remained and died
Date of Volkanai: celebrate Volkanai: god of fire
60ft of ash and pumous
62 CE: large earthquake
Temple of Apollo, Pompeii, Italy, c. 6th century BCE.; reconstructed after 62 CE. earthquake
original foundations of Greeks
shows how popular the cult of Apollo is
shows both original and renovations
2 distinct columns
white: ionic column
fluted: stucco with corinthian
Streets of Pompeii, Pompeii, Italy, c. 6th century BCE.
Surface is intricate
Polygonal block on pounded earth in pebble beds
Curves which created sidewalks
Steps that prevented the filth of the streets
a city which was constructed in a vertical manner
many fora because each emperor wanted to leave his mark Forum Romanum, Rome, beginning 8th century BCE.
Oldest forum in Rome
Monuments (Temples, shrines, royal family residences Arch de triomphe de Constantine)