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Lecture 7

CAMS 045 Lecture 7: CAMS - Athena

4 Pages
106 Views
Fall 2016

Department
Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies
Course Code
CAMS 045
Professor
Stephen Wheeler
Lecture
7

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Athena
● Birth
Homeric hymn 28; theogony
Zeus mated with Metis
Goddess of wisdom
Zeus swallowed her while she was still with child because he was afraid the child
would overthrow him
Zeus then had a splitting headache
Hephaestus opens head with axe
Athena is born in full array
Prowess in battle
Skilled in strategy and tactics of war
Goddess of the citadel (acropolis)
High part of city
Associated with Nike, goddess of victory
Appearance
Armed warrior
○ Helmet
○ Aegis
Invincible covering
Stare that startles the enemy
Surrounded by snakes
○ Shield
○ Spear
Masculinity of virgin nature
● Attributes
“Gray eyed”
○ Owl
Olive tree
○ Snake
■ Chthonic
Woman’s deity
Goddess of weaving
Spinning thread
■ Loom
Arete “excellence of a women”
Cunning and resourceful
Cult Center
Patron deity of athens and attica
Famous temple in athens
Athena parthenos
The parthenon
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Description
Athena ● Birth ○ Homeric hymn 28; theogony ● Zeus mated with Metis ■ Goddess of wisdom ○ Zeus swallowed her while she was still with child because he was afraid the child would overthrow him ○ Zeus then had a splitting headache ■ Hephaestus opens head with axe ■ Athena is born in full array ● Prowess in battle ● Skilled in strategy and tactics of war ● Goddess of the citadel (acropolis) ○ High part of city ● Associated with Nike, goddess of victory Appearance ● Armed warrior ○ Helmet ○ Aegis ■ Invincible covering ■ Stare that startles the enemy ■ Surrounded by snakes ○ Shield ○ Spear ● Masculinity of virgin nature ● Attributes ○ “Gray eyed” ○ Owl ○ Olive tree ○ Snake ■ Chthonic ● Woman’s deity ○ Goddess of weaving ■ Spinning thread ■ Loom ○ Arete “excellence of a women” ○ Cunning and resourceful Cult Center ● Patron deity of athens and attica ● Famous temple in athens ○ Athena parthenos ○ The parthenon ○ Located on athenian acropolis Parthenon ● Designed by Pheidias ● Housed chryselephantine statue of athena ● History and significance? ○ Representation of the divine order of the gods on earth ○ Persians destroyed the statue of athena Sculpture of Parthenon ● Cult statue in cella ● Pedimental sculpture ● Doric frieze ○ 92 metopes ● Ionic frieze ○ Continuous ○ Round outerwall of cella ● Elgin marbles Pericles ● Rebuilt parthenon ○ Destroyed by persians in 480 BCE, between 447 and 438 BCE ● Commemorates athenian victory in persian War
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