HD FS 229 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Montessori Education, Apache Hadoop

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HDFS 229
Dr. Sarah Kollat
Lecture 11
Piaget’s Cognitive-Developmental Theory
Constructivist Approach
Children learn by engaging with their learning
oExperimenting, exploring
oHe would believe that learning now is too passive
oMontessori school is based on his beliefs
Children must construct their knowledge
Piaget’s Theoretical Basics
All aspects of cognition (thought and problem solving)
Stages are universal across the world and cultures (
oWrong: some cultures don’t value the 4th stage and adults/children never
enter into it)
oThe majority of his experiments were done on his son and daughter
Stages are invariant
oAll children go through stages in the same sequence
Individual differences in rate depending on cognitive abilities
Maturation- you should never push a child to learn before they’re ready
oChild directed learning; they need to indicate that they are ready to move
onto the next level
oIf we push them before they are ready, the information becomes
superficial
What is cognition/thought?
Parts of cognition
Schemas
oA psychological structure
oHow each though is organized to make sense of experience
oInternalized- a shift from motor based to mentally based
oTeach us how to interpret the world
Mental representations
oMental based schemas
oInternalized depictions that the mind can manipulate by forming and
molding
o2 components
Images- easily accessed and represented
Concepts- any thought not represented by a visual image
Example: fruit, close, far, love
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Document Summary

Children learn by engaging with their learning: experimenting, exploring, he would believe that learning now is too passive, montessori school is based on his beliefs. All aspects of cognition (thought and problem solving) Stages are universal across the world and cultures : wrong: some cultures don"t value the 4th stage and adults/children never enter into it, the majority of his experiments were done on his son and daughter. Stages are invariant: all children go through stages in the same sequence. Individual differences in rate depending on cognitive abilities. Schemas: a psychological structure, how each though is organized to make sense of experience, internalized- a shift from motor based to mentally based, teach us how to interpret the world. Mental representations: mental based schemas, internalized depictions that the mind can manipulate by forming and molding, 2 components. Concepts- any thought not represented by a visual image.

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