HD FS 229 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Language Acquisition, Universal Grammar, Noam Chomsky

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HDFS 229
Dr. Sarah Kollat
Lecture 15
Vgotsky’s Sociocultural Theory and Language Development
Social interactions
Zone of Proximal Development- the child is able to learn at a higher degree with the
assistance of a “teacher”
Opposite of maturation
oIntersubjectivity- the quality of the teacher, how receptive they are to students
individual needs
Flexibility- adjusting their teaching technique with what the students may
need
Patience- While teaching in general along with when a student may
become frustrated
oScaffolding- the teacher takes their higher understanding knowledge and makes
it more approachable and appropriate for the level of the student
Using things such as tangible objects like counting blocks
Highly skilled teachers apply intersubjectivity to scaffolding
Vgotsky’s Impact on Education
Assisted discovery
oTeacher guides learning
Through lesson plans, the curriculum, etc.
oTailors to the zone of proximal development
Expanding the child’s knowledge by pushing their own knowledge on
them
oCooperative learning
Peer collaboration
Students learn from each other usually mixed among several
levels
Peer functions as a teacher working toward a common goal
together
Piaget vs. Vgotsky
Differences:
Piaget
oStages
oChild is active in their learning with a teacher in the back drop
Montessori- children determine the lesson and what they’re learning
oNo cultural effects
oLanguage is not important, it is an outcome
Vgotsky
oContinuous- growing gradually over time
oTeachers are active guides to the child and play a HUGE role as the primary
leader, while the child’s initiative is in the back drop
oCulture plays a huge role and is the main influence in a child’s learning
oLanguage is major
Private speech is the main mechanism for problem solving
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Document Summary

Zone of proximal development- the child is able to learn at a higher degree with the assistance of a teacher . Opposite of maturation: intersubjectivity- the quality of the teacher, how receptive they are to students individual needs need. Flexibility- adjusting their teaching technique with what the students may. Patience- while teaching in general along with when a student may become frustrated: scaffolding- the teacher takes their higher understanding knowledge and makes it more approachable and appropriate for the level of the student. Using things such as tangible objects like counting blocks. Highly skilled teachers apply intersubjectivity to scaffolding. Assisted discovery: teacher guides learning, tailors to the zone of proximal development. Expanding the child"s knowledge by pushing their own knowledge on them: cooperative learning. Students learn from each other usually mixed among several. Peer functions as a teacher working toward a common goal levels together. Private speech is the main mechanism for problem solving.

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