HD FS 497 Lecture 5: HDFS 497 Lecture 5

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HDFS 497
Lecture 5
Definitions and Prevalence of Alcohol Use
What is heavy drinking?
Binge drinking (heavy episodic drinking):
o Psychological:
Feeling “drunk”
o Physiological:
BAC 0.08 or higher
Blood alcohol content/concentration
o Concentration of alcohol in blood (%)
150lb man drinking 4+ drinks in an hour = 0.08
o Behavioral:
>4 drinks in two hours for women
>5 drinks for men
Frequent heavy drinking
o Binge drinking more than 3 times in 2 weeks
Prevalence of alcohol use among PSU students
BAC of 0.40 0.079
o Can cause:
Lower inhibition
Minor reasoning impairment
BAC of 0.080 0.159
o Can cause:
Impaired balance
Speech
Judgment
Reasoning
Reaction time
BAC of 0.160 0.249
o Can cause:
Nausea
Anxiety
Disorientation
Vomiting
Memory loss
When is drinking a problem?
When it
o Represents addiction
o Results in negative consequences
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