• Chapter 8
o Type of Jazz
Begins in early 1940s
One of the most important changes in the history of Jazz.
Jazz was once the most popular music in the USA
Swing Jazz was becoming very old/worn out.
New generation had a lot of African americans.
Moving from a large band --- Back to a smaller band.
Each musician became more important and more reasonability.
Better trained, had more knowledge.
Music became more complex, and difficult for the average audience to
o Bebop Components
Saxophone and trumpet
Rhythm - piano, bass and Drums
Used ABA Format
• A – Main melody, all instruments play same notes, same time.
• B – Solo
• Used for accents and punctuation.
• Bombs – Spontaneous accents on the drums.
• Uses accents and punctuations.
Upright String Bass
• Uses walking bass line
o Much more complex and interesting.
Rhythm section is more independent.
o Musical Expansion Extended Harmony(Higher Harmonics of the Overtone Series)
Overtone are silent sounds
Every sound has an overtone
A better musical sound, more of the overtone release.
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