• Swing Jazz
o Music for a large Band
o Began in late 1920s
o Highpoints are late 1930s-early 1940s
o Fletcher Henderson started swing
o John Redtmen also started swing
o Instruments are grouped into sections.
o Cases of soloists too.
o Very upbeat and lively music.
o Majority of the song are slow ballads.
o Swing was dancing music, so also a reason for slow ballad
o WW2 ended swing since many musicians had to go to the Army
o Tommy Dorsee
Great all time Trombone Player
• Instrument Roles
o Had 4 trumbones
Infront of trumpets
o Front row, 4-5 saxophones
o Rhythm sections – drums, bass.
Usually on the side
1 T, played main Melody, Most paid
2 T, plays the solos, improvises, also played Harmony.
3 T, plays harmony with the 1 , mini 1 trumpet player, switching parts.
4 T, Entry position, only played harmony. Usually rookies.
1 T, Plays the high notes in the music, also solos. 2 and 3 , just plays harmony along with the 1 . st
4 T, plays the Bass Trombone, playing the low notes.
Large band has 5 saxophones
1 Sax, Alto Saxophone, plays the high notes, and the solos.
2 sax, Alto Saxophone, plays harmony
3 Sax, Tenor Saxophone, = 1 Tenor Saxophone, plays any sax solos
4 sax, 2 tenor Saxophone, just plays Harmony
5 saxophone, Baritone Saxophone, Plays the low notes
Establish and maintain the tempo
Also to give energy to the band
Maybe a solo
Reinforce Harmony and Rhythm