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PSYCH 243 Lecture Notes - Turnip, Diarrhea, Soy Milk

3 pages86 viewsFall 2012

Psychology - CA
Course Code
Frederick Brown

of 3
Class 9
Chapter 3 Assertive Health Behaviors Liquids
1) Pure fruit and vegetable juices
Natural pleasant tastes
Least amount of allergens
Commercial juices not completely “pure” with fructose corn syrup added – check the label
2) Caffeine based stimulant drinks
Coffee, some teas, cola, and cocoa (all plant derived)
Diuretics: urinate more than with plain water
Sleep onset delayed, or interrupted by urinating
Can continue for 12-20 hours
Belongs to same chemical family as cocaine
Addiction can cause mild withdrawal symptoms
Some headaches for only day or two
Caffeine Amounts in Beverages:
Low range – cocoa (6 oz = ½ mug)
Middle range – tea and ½ mug of coffee
Coffee High Range
Most US coffee mugs average two servings or moderate intake of caffeine
Four 6 oz servings = 2 mugs coffee per day
Coffee (natural plant product) – Positive antioxidant compounds (flavanoids) to boost the immune
Decaffeinated coffee – almost but not completely caffeine free
Non-caffeine teas – Plant leaves, stems, pods. Blossoms and seeds
Both kinds of teas have other beneficial nutritional substances (antioxidants, immune-system boosters)
in them as well
C) Sweet based drinks (soda, pop, tonics)
Poor source of water
Some fruit or naturally sweet juice flavoring – stimulates hunger
Some caffeine based colas or caffeine added non colas
Both carbonated and non carbonated
Most fructose based drinks equivalent to 11 teaspoons of sugar per 12 oz can (about 240
calories per pound)
Steevia – Natural sweetener
D) Milk – Natural beverage of all infant mammals
Whole milk not necessary after age two
Skim or fat free okay for protein and vitamin D
Requires lactase enzyme to digest milk lactose:
Lactase production decreases with age for most humans
Lactose Intolerance
20% Europeans
50% Hispanics
75 – 95% African, Asian and Native American
Symptoms of lactose intolerance:
Severe abdominal cramps and gas (very smelly)
Vomiting in babies (projectile)
Non-Dairy substitutes for calcium
Cereals: oatmeal
Fish: sardines, pink salmon, ocean perch, canned blue clams and crabs, farm raised trout
Greens: Collards, spinach, beets, dandelion and turnip greens, kale, okra and pak choi
Soybeans: green or mature, soy milk, solid tofu
Alcohol – Wines, beers mixed drinks, cordials and distilled liquors
100 proof = 50/50 alcohol and water
100% alcohol = 200 proof – non drinkable
Standard serving size arbitrary = 0.50 oz of absolute alcohol
Beer: 12 oz can or bottle = 4% alcohol
Wine: One 5 oz glass of 10% table or dinner wine
Distilled alcohol: liquor, whiskey, brandy, vodka
Rum: some are about 75% alcohol
Malt-liquor beers are fortified to 9% with cheaper ingredients and light colored, often sold in 40
oz bottles
Alcohol Metabolism
Takes about two hours for one 12 oz serving
Cannot be sped up by any activity or other drink
Increased alcohol effects
Genetics: greater effects in Asian heritage (including all native N and S Amerindians than in
European and African heritage
Pregnancy Effects: can pass alcohol to fetus
Inhibit normal motor and brain development
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
Beneficial Effects – Moderate responsible use
Helps relax
Decreases blood pressure
Decreases risk of heart attacks
Alcohol Abuse – Primary preventable cause of health hazards
Automobile crashes
High risk sexual behavior (STDs, pregnancy)
Binge Drinking
Males: 5 or more servings in a row within two weeks
Females: 4 or more servings in a row within two weeks
Usually begins in high school
Followed by joining a college sorority or fraternity with a party centered lifestyle
Accompanied by:
Academic and relational problems
Antisocial behavior
High risk drunk driving
High risk sexual behavior

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