class 18

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Pennsylvania State University
Frederick Brown

Psych 10/19/12 Class 18 Chapter 6 Reaction –Automatic behavior Response – Learned behavior to obtain a specific outcome; Implies a choice Spontaneous Behavioral Reactions Quickly helpful in: – Reducing tension and anxiety – Repairing psychological damage – Restoring psychological equilibrium – Preparing way toward cognitive response strategy measures Four automatic behavioral reaction mechanisms Crying – Effectively relieves initial emotional tension and pain Laughter and Humor – Reduces physical tension Sleeping and Dreams – Restores physical rest and aids thinking Talking (Venting) – Helps relieve psychological tension Crying – Anatural reaction to frustration and hurt – Helps restore inner equilibrium – Important part of bereavement following – Severe personal, relational, or situational loss – Not crying deliberately can put additional strain on loss Humor and Laughter – Helps accept inevitable pain and setbacks – Can also relieve aggressiveness and anger Sleep and dreams – Sleeping difficult when under stress – After traumatic events, often nightmares – Insight into nightmares can: – Desensitize traumatic events – Help understand the experiences – Can use sleep as an escape when nothing seems possible – Excessive sleeping may indicate depression – Inability or unwillingness to confront the problem Talking about problems – Common, almost seems built in – Repetitive talking often helps desensitizing and coping – Self talking good substitute if there is no one to talk with Summary – These are rarely effective alone in relieving all effects of severe stress Reacting unconsciously with cognitive defense mechanisms Five Mechanisms: Denial – “I don't / won't believe it!” – Unwilling to admit unpleasant reality to not face anxiety Repression – “I'm not going to think about it!” – Pushing out of consciousness threatening or painful thoughts by: – Re-interpreting them more favorably – Conveniently forgetting them • Both can be important first coping reactions until they can face and resolve stressor problems Regression – “I can't / don't know how!” – First born child who is jealous that the new child is getting more attention, so they do regress to a previous attention getting behavior to get the parent's attention (peeing their pants) – Using earlier behavior patterns long outgrown – Co-dependency: from too frequent regression – Ex: leaving im
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