class 23

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 243
Professor
Frederick Brown
Semester
Fall

Description
Psych 11/07/12 class 23 Heterosexuality: Why sexual reproduction? – More possibilities for genetic adjustments – Offspring care taking using features from each parent Gender as a cultural construct – Gender: total biological, physiological, and cultural combination – Gender is a continuum – In between male and female is every other possibility – Probably less than 2% inter-sex conditions – No clear point separates maleness from femaleness GenderAssignments – Assumes future sexual reproduction as female or male – Irony: can only be confirmed after successful reproduction Biological Bases Genetics – XX = Female – XY = Male Other chromosomal combinations – X45 or XO (Turner's Syndrome) : Female sterile – XXY (Kleinfelter's Syndrome) : Male sterile – XYY Sex Hormone Classes – Influence secondary sex features – Primary Glands – Estrogens – Androgens Puberty: Body structure changes in both males and females changes – Males and females become hairier – Male and female voices deepen – Women outlive men 4-10 years throughout the industrialized world Immune system diseases – Rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and myasthenia gravis (women > men) Acute Diseases – Sicker: women
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