class 31

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Frederick Brown

Psych 12/10/12 Class 31 Chapter 11: Values and Spirituality: Transcendence Part 1 Values – Plus and minus cognitive adjustments, about importance of things – Give life meaning (purpose and direction) Values Gap – Many live by untested and unsupported assumptions – Flexibility needed to adjust to new values based upon “new truths” The Issues Conflicting values in different societies – What drives extreme behaviors – Willingness to kill others pre-emptively (tribalism, Islamism, etc) – Willing to die defensively to preserve these values? – Whose values are right? Quest for values – Few persons comfortable with doctrine of despair – Many realize that life is: – Good and worthwhile – Involves support, caring and love for others – Growing and becoming more complete and aware – Sense of well being, satisfaction, hope and optimism – All valued personal experiences Approaches to selecting values – When we need good information, scientific approach is the best method – When we need wisdom in applying information, personal experience and authority can be used Cultural Beliefs Systems – Each person walks by faith in their cultural traditions – Most act as if it is the only way to act – Often based only on self justifying opinion – Often believe their beliefs are “the best” Schwart's 10 Value Types – Power, Achievement, Hedonism, Stimulation, Self direction, Universalism, Benevolence, Tradition, Conformity and Security – Most people have a combination of types Ideal Values: – Purest forms, but usually not able to live by Operative Values: – Used for specific decisions and action Instrumental Values: – Long term means for achieving goals – Ex: honesty
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 243

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.