Class 6 - 01:31:12.doc

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Pennsylvania State University
Nicholas Pearson

Class 6 – 01/31/12 Chapter 4 - Social Perception We have an endless fascination with other people Social CognitionApproach – Assumption is that people are trying to be accurate in understanding other people – How do they do so? – What info do we use and how to we use it? Non-Verbal Behavior – 6 Major emotions:Anger, Fear, Disgust, Surprise, Happy, Sad Implicit Personality Theories – Another type of schema – Fill in the blanks by grouping personality traits together – Eg: people that look emo / gothic,ARE YOU rednecks, etc. – Implicit – Something that is activated automatically From acts to dispositions – We want to know whats inside other people (feelings, motives, dispositions) – How do we figure this out? Attribution Theory – How do we explain the causes of other people's behavior? – Why is it important to do so? – Attributions to internal vs. external factors – Internal: its about you and your choices – External: its about something that may be outside of your control Harold Kelly's Covariation Model – Look at the characteristics of a particular behavior, at a particular time, and compare it with what you know about previous examples. – You can make attributions to the actor Need 3 things: 1) How does the actor's behavior toward a stimulus compare to other people's behavior toward that stimulus? 2) How does the actor's behavior toward a stimulus compare to his or her behavior toward other stimulus? 3) Is the actor's behavior always the same toward that stimulus? Consensus Information: to what extent do other people behave the same way toward the same stimulus? Eg: Joe kicked a dog. Why? Maybe its a mean dog and it attacks people. Distinctiveness Information: To what extent does the actor behave the same way toward other stimuli? Eg: Joe only kicks Fido and not other dogs– high distinctiveness Consistency Information: Does the actor behave in the same way toward that stimulus, at different times and in different situations? Eg: Does Joe always kick Fido, or only sometimes? If always, then high consistency.
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