Class 7 – 02/02/12
Chapter 4 - Social Perception Continued
– Heider and Simmel
– Heider Movie (shapes moving around a box, but we see it as a mean square chasing the
smaller square and circle)
– What do you see?
– Is there a story?
Reasons for the Correspondence Bias
– Perpetual salience of actor
– Two step process of attribution
– assume its something about the observer
– correct for the situation
– More information about self than observers do
Actor observer Differences In attribution
– People more apt to see other peoples behavior as dispositionally caused than their own
– Therefore, we commit the fundamental attribution error (FAE) more when explaining other
peoples behavior than our own
– My own success it due to internal dispositional factors
– BUT my own failures are due to external situational factors
– Spotlight effect
– We're aware of the attributions that people make about us (as if there is a spotlight
shining on us)
– We often try to compensate for the dispositional attributions that others are likely to
make (making a joke or comment about something embarrassing that happened –
– Why do people agree to tell lies, write counter-attitudinal essays, eat grasshoppers?
– Why don't people know why they do these things?
– The FAE! Summary of Research on the FAE
– In general, westerners tend to make dispositional rather than situational attributions
– But, we are better at detecting situational pressures when they happen to us
– But, we will manipulat