Class 9 – 02:14:12.doc

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Nicholas Pearson

Class 9 – 02/14/12 Chapter 5 – Understanding the self Schachter's two-factor theory of emotion – First experience arousal – Next we look for a reason for that arousal – Finally, the arousal coupled with the reason allow us to provide an emotion label – the two factors are arousal and cognition with emotion as the result – Classic study (1962) – Inject participants – epinephrine / placebo – ½ told of injections effects – varied confederate behavior (some of the people were in the room with an angry person, and some were in with a nice person) – Who was most influence by the confederates behavior? The ones who had the real drug, but weren't told Misattribution: Finding the wrong cause – Men meet an attractive woman (Dutton andAron, 1974) – On a scary bridge – After crossing scary bridge, resting on bench – The attractive woman either met the guy while crossing the bridge or while sitting on a bench – They guys were more attracted to the girl when approached on the bridge, because they misinterpreted their physiological symptoms of fear, to attraction Zillman studies on exercise – Exercise + no delay + emotional experience – Exercise + delay + emotional experience – In which condition did people experience stronger emotions? – They had stronger emotions when there was a delay, because they knew their physiological symptoms were due to the exercise – No misattribution here Implications for use of placebos – Storms and Nisbett (1970s) – Students who suffered from insomnia – Study of dreaming and insomnia – Given a placebo pill to take before bed, told different side effects – Arousing – Relaxing – No side effects Results: No effects: No significant change Arousing: Fell asleep 10 minutes faster Relaxed: Took 15 minutes longer to fall asleep Arousing pill does the opposite, because the person is already agitated and aroused, so they attribute that feeling to the pill Relaxing pill also does the opposite, because they are supposed to feel relaxed and comfortable, but they don't, so they become more agitated. Learned helplessness theory – Original research with animals – Dog study – No shocks – Shocks, and could learn to escape them – Shocks, but could not escape – In the 2 part of the experiment,
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