HAA 0150 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Saqqara, Sed Festival, Mastaba

39 views3 pages
Sept. 10: Old Kingdom/The Afterlife
Old Kingdom (2686-2181 BCE)
3rd-6th dynasties
Period of stability
Rural, agrarian communities integrated into the state
Memphis was center state of administration
Divine king was immortal king
-Giza and Saqqara on western bank are mortuary centers
-West bank was “land of the dead”
Saqqara – Djosers Mortuary Complex (3rd Dynasty)
Can’t go into structures – false buildings create backdrop for rituals, enclose courtyards
Largest courtyard has circle stone pile – territorial run of king
-Symbolic ritual to symbolize extent of king’s territory
Small courtyard lines with divine shrines for gods to stay while king performed heb-sed
-Lined with statues of Djoser to attend self on rituals
Serdab statue – painted limestone, 1.42 m tall
-Statue above ground, facing north (towards eternal stars of sky)
-Statue could look out at ritual performers  statue embodies king, ka inhabits
-Nemes headdress, attached beard, hair piece
-Pedestal inscription of titles and name
Stepped pyramid
-Early old kingdom experiments with pyramid shape
-Continuous effort to emphasize sun god Ra and king’s protection under Ra’s
Giza funerary complex
4th dynasty
East-west axis
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.