HAA 0150 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Nekhen, Narmer, Mudbrick

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Sept. 8: Predynastic and Early Dynastic – Rise of Kingship
Ivory Label from Tomb of King Den
Incised
Falcon perched atop hieroglyphics of Pharaoh’s name
Conflict depicted – Pharaoh smiting enemy
Mountains of eastern desert, foreigner comes from east
Central to Egyptian Kingship is idea of pharaoh keeping enemy at bay and preventing conflict
Myth of Unification underscores kingship: Upper Egypt kings conquered Lower to unify
Predynastic period (4000-3000 BCE)
Naqada culture in Upper Egypt (I, II, and III)
-Agricultural villages
-Pots responding to daily life and religion – Nile daily life
Animals and vegetation, occasionally humanoid figures
Stylized, 2D, geometric, repeating patterns
-No text to interpret
-Precursor to Egyptian
Hierarchy of scale
Preference of constructing human form from geometric shapes
-Hierakonpolis Naqada II tomb painting
Boats, palm fronds, canopies
Motion in human figures  smiting pose, master of animals
Assembled vignettes into one large wall painting
Tells us that tomb owner is wealthy, high position, differentiated from rest
of community
-Ivory sculptures
Don’t know if represents king or god
Early dynastic figure has conical headdress of king and cloak often worn
by pharaoh
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