HAA 1306 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Palazzo Farnese, Models 1, Caprarola

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15 Sep 2015
School
Course
Mon September 30: ANTONIO DA SANGALLO THE YOUNGER AND THE MAKING
OF A RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURAL DYNASTY; THE ROLE OF DRAWINGS
AND MODELS
1. Antonio da Sangallo Jr. (1485-1546): Palazzo Farnese, Rome; possibly designed as early as
1506; vestibule 1517; ground floor 1525-30; redesigned 1541; reworked by Michelangelo 1546
[76-79; 81-82, 142]
Old palace on site
Redesigned when cardinal becomes pope
Recalls work of da Sangallo uncles
Wide corner stones
Around 1536 pope calls in Michelangelo to
redo cornice
Meeting of the arcades at the corner of the
courtyard was solved by 2 engaged columns and a
pier that forms the corner
Apartments within have huge fresco
program
--Antonio Sangallo jr.: Mint [Zecca] of Rome, ca1530 [69]
Antonio Sangallo jr. puts down foundation of Palazzo Farnese in Caprarola
2 double sided staircase: one curvilinear and one rectilinear
Wed October 2: MICHELANGELO: THE FACADE OF S. LORENZO AND THE NEW
SACRISTY IN FLORENCE
Michelangelo Buonarotti (1475-1564) a late-comer to architecture: Vatican Pietà of 1498-1500;
David of 1501-04; Tomb of Julius 1506-1516ff-1526; Sistine Ceiling 1508-12.
Works for Julius II, Leo X, Clement VII, and Paul III
1. Michelangelo: ca. 1515 chapel for Leo X in Castel S. Angelo
--Competition for the facade of S. Lorenzo, Florence, 1516 involved Raphael; Leonardo(?);
Jacopo Sansovino; Giuliano da Sangallo [55]; and Baccio d'Agnolo.
2. Michelangelo: S. Lorenzo facade, 1516-20 [128]
Works on exterior and interior
Mostly a Brunelleschi building
Bare façade – nave door, 2 aisle doors, large inset that was probably meant to be window
Extra ½ width of aisle for chapels on each side
Nothing ever built
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