HIST 1062 Lecture 1: HIST 1062 Lecture 1

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Published on 29 Jan 2019
Human Rights in World History
(HIST 1062)
Lecture 1
-Human beings manipulate human rights
-Is there a universal definition for human rights?
-“Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex,
nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. Human rights include the
right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and
expression, the right to work and education, and many more.” (United Nations)
-But this is not actually law, but guidelines
-How were human rights defined before the UN?
-The idea of what human rights are may differ from place to place.
-Human rights don’t simply just exist, humans create them, the ideas of everything
-IE religion, law
-1970’s Henry Kissinger (sec of state) at first dismissive of human rights, later more
-People starting to use human rights as weapon against each other, others use it
as hope.
-1970’s important years for human rights
-Human rights becomes an important role in American foreign policy
-President Carter (1977-1981) makes human rights a main policy issue
-Before the U.S. was working to promote development and modernization in
developing countries
-Not very successful
-More focus on economic interest
-Growth in number of international organizations advocating for human rights
-Became codependent with neoliberalism (Moyn)
-“A political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the
means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated
by the community as a whole”
-Socialism not equal to communism or totalitarianism
-Communism v. Socialism
-Communism: citizens/working class own means of production
-Socialism: government owns means of production
-Workers can spend the wages they earn how they want
-“A modified form of liberalism tending to favor free-market capitalism
-More power and liberty given to the market
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