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HIST 1191 (12)
Lecture

Lecture 3: 9/11/13

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1191
Professor
Janelle Greenberg
Semester
Fall

Description
HIST 1191 notes – Lecture 3 (9/11/13) – page 1 Lines of tenure holding constantly crossing ­ leads to trouble, important legislature Vassals subject to incidents of military tenure Commercial revival of lords investing in merchants leads to global economic change Death of Henry I without legitimate heir threatens line of succession Daughter Matilda has difficulty ascending/holding the throne ­ cousin Stephen  1145­1154 civil war 1154 Henry II (grandson of Henry I, great­grandson of WtC) ascends HII's first order of business: bringing law and order Despite all the courts, HII's laws were ineffective HII pulls courts into the king's hands, creates a legal bureaucracy universally applied to  all of England (AKA common law: law of king's courts) Rulers make law not alone, but with important people in the kingdom, regardless of the  size of the latter's part in the process Kings and popes absolute monarchs but with a tradition of governing by consent Consent representative of both populace and nobility ­ great men speak on behalf of  the lesser Great Roman law from Constantinople ­ contract, property, justice theory etc. ­ not really  applicable to England England's common law haphazard, practical (lack of theory) Glanville justicier (chief justice) writes down emerging rules in a book called Of the  Laws and Customs of England, speaks of the Assize of Clarendon, HII's legislation Centralization takes place through the law ­ beginning of the end for English feudalism Scutage/shield money BACKGROUND: FELONIES All felonies go to the king's court Appeal of felony: personal process that the victim begins; personal accusation for a  public wrong E.g. if someone sees stealing at night, would make appeal of felony to accuse the  criminal Difficult, long procedure Appeal decided by trial by combat (Norman institution)  BACKGROUND: COURTS Overlapping jurisdictions creates confusion WtC let A­S keep courts, added manorial courts Homage of the manor ­ sitting in judgment of people living on the land who have been  caught breaking rules ­ free and non­free tenants alike Ecclesiastical courts have to do with canon (Church)
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