Class Notes (975,845)
US (383,586)
Pitt (1,835)
LING (2)
LING 1000 (2)
Lecture

LING 1000 Lecture Notes - Counterexample

2 Pages
64 Views
Spring 2014

Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 1000
Professor
Katherine Martin

This preview shows half of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
LING 1000 notes – Language vs. Communication Systems – page 1
Defining language
1960s - Charles Hockett - "design features" of language
Agreed on by most linguists
ALL languages have all these features
Mode of communication - dedicated way to transmit language
Interchangeability - individuals can produce and receive
Semanticity - all parts have meaning/function
Pragmatic function - communication system is useful
Cultural transmission - learned via social interaction with a group of people
Displacement - ability to communicate about things that are not physically or
chronologically present
Arbitrariness - form not predictable from meaning
Learned by convention (also unpredictable)
Counterexample: onomatopeoia
Sound symbolism: sound /ee/ in English - smallness
Discreteness - system made up of finite number of discrete, separate units
Units can be rearranged, combined
Productivity - infinite number of ways discrete units can be recombined
Rule-governed, but with productive rules
Additional design features (not in official 9)
Prevarication - ability to (intentionally) lie/mislead
Learnability
Reflexiveness - communication system can refer to itself
Specialization - only purpose of system is for communication
Spontaneity - not just used as reaction to stimulus
Animal Communication
Bird calls: short, simple, can be difficult to locate
Used for keeping together, warning
Bird songs: long, complex
Seasona, specific meanings
Repitition, internal structure, rules for combination
Monkeys: vocal calls, facial expressions, posture
Describe specific dangers (eagle vs. snake)
Determine social hierarchies (territorial disputes)
Facial expressions match calls, monkeys can match meaning and expression
Alex: avian learning experiment - African gray parrot
Results not repeated with other parrots
Primate studies:

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
LING 1000 notes – Language vs. Communication Systems – page 1 Defining language 1960s ­ Charles Hockett ­ "design features" of language Agreed on by most linguists ALL languages have all these features Mode of communication ­ dedicated way to transmit language Interchangeability ­ individuals can produce and receive Semanticity ­ all parts have meaning/function Pragmatic function ­ communication system is useful Cultural transmission ­ learned via social interaction with a group of people Displacement ­ ability to communicate about things that are not physically or  chronologically present Arbitrariness ­ form not predictable from meaning Learned by convention (also unpredictable) Counterexample: onomatopeoia Sound symbolism: sound /ee/ in English ­ smallness Discreteness ­ system made up of finite number of discrete, separate units Units can be rearranged, combined Productivity ­ infinite number of ways discrete units can be recombined Rule­governed, but with productive rules Additional design features (not in official 9) Prevarication ­ ability to (intentionally) lie/mislead Learnability Reflexiveness ­ communication system can refer to itself Specialization ­ only purpose of system is for communication Spontaneity ­ not just used as reaction to stimulus Animal Communication Bird calls: short, simple, can be difficult to locate Used for keeping together, warning Bird songs: long, complex Seasona, specific meanings Repitition, internal structure, rules for combination Mon
More Less
Unlock Document
Start your 2 week free trial

Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Start your 2 week free trial
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Start your 2 week free trial

Share with your friends

Get 2 friends to sign-up for a free trial as well, and get an additional free week

Next

You've reached the limit of 4 previews this month

Create an account for unlimited previews.

Already have an account?

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit