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Lecture 11

MUSIC 0711 Lecture 11: Dixieland Revival

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University of Pittsburgh
MUSIC 0711
Doretta Whalen

Dixieland Revival  Nationwide commercial radio  Building boom  created ballrooms  Advertising  Count Basie Band o Leader of his swing orchestra from 1935 until death o Bands were known for jumpin beats o Simple piano style o Concept of silence  Basie and his band were heard over a Kansas City Radio station o John Hammond did this (Colombia Records) o Told Basie to move band to New York for a record  Big band music had a full sound and texture  Singers became an integral part of big bands  Dance craze 1930s o Solo dancing  Floor steps and air steps – eliminates European customs of dancing o Element of improvisation  John Hammond o Promoted Count Basie, Benny Goodman  John Hammond got Benny Goodman the opportunity to record (in England) Swing  Buoyant feeling  Steady 4 beat pulse (accents on beats 2 and 4)  The musicians were beginning to play solos Duke Ellington Orchestra:  Mute styles (jungle sounds)  Rent parties – played piano  “It Don’t Mean a Thing If It Ain’t Got That Swing” 1943 Swing----------------------------Dixieland Revival 1930 1934 1939 1940  1934 official start to swing  1939 Dixieland Revival  Tuskegee airmen  “We call upon the president and congress to declare war on Japan and racial prejudice
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