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Lecture 9

NROSCI 0081 Lecture 9: Neuroanatomy Part 3
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Department
Neuroscience
Course
NROSCI 0081
Professor
April Dukes
Semester
Spring

Description
Lecture 9 12517 Neuroanatomy CNS Temporal Lobe o Auditory information and processing spoken language o Primary Auditory Cortex receives sensory information from the ears o Wernickes area plays a role in speech comprehension; works in tandem with Brocas area Occipital Lobe o Primary visual cortex o Highly responsible for visual input o Damage can cause blindness Forebrain: Subcortical structures o Limbic system Associated with motivation, emotion, drives, and aggression Hippocampus Longterm memory Amygdala Reward fear Major factor in aggression Hypothalamus Signals the pituitary gland to alter the release of hormones Controlregulate body temperature, sleepwake cycles, eating and drinking using hormones Associated with motivated behaviors o Emotional behavior o Eating, drinking o Sexual behavior Olfactory bulb Nucleus Accumbens Reward pathway o Connection between VTA and cortex Big role in addiction o Basal Ganglia Collection of nuclei just below the cortex Controls voluntary motor movement Controls motivation and reward Important for attention, cognitive function, memory, and emotional expression Related disorders Parkinsons disease (substantia nigra) Tourettes syndrome Drug addiction
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