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Lecture 18

PSY 0010 Lecture 18: psych lecture

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PSY 0010
Jennifer Cousins

Self-Harm and Suicide Risk and Prevention  Don’t have to be depressed to commit suicide o Usually centered around depression  People who commit suicide often make a plan  Males tend to be more successful in making an attempt at suicide o Their attempts seem to be more sever ex: guns o Women tend to take pills or cut themselves  Picking, cutting, pulling hair out  associated with OCD and anxiety Schizophrenia:  Schizophrenia: a disorder characterized by the profound disruption of basic psychological processes, a distorted perception of reality, altered or blunted emotion, and disturbances in thought, motivation, and behavior o Occurs in about 1% of the population  Schizophrenia symtpoms: have to have at least 2 o Delusion: a patently false belief system, often bizarre and grandiose, that is maintained in spite of its irrationality o Hallucination: a false perceptual experience that has a compelling sense of being real despite the absence of external stimulation o Disorganized speech: a sever disruption of verbal communication in which ideas shift rapidly and incoherently from one to another unrelated topic o Grossly disorganized behavior: behavior that is inappropriate for the situation or ineffective in attaining goals, often with specific motor disturbances  Sometimes odd facial expressions for the situation they are in  Sitting in class and grinning  Laugh out of context  Wear winter clothes when its warm out o Negative symptoms: emotional and social withdrawal, apathy; poverty of speech  Normal way of behaving is removed  The removal of normal interactions o Lose a lot of communication skills  Genetic component to schizophrenia  Monozygotic twins (identical) – 1 might get schizophrenia, one might not o Para-natal and prenatal environment  Enlarged ventricles in Schizophrenia o Anti-psychotic drugs lead to this type of brain change o Dopamine – excess amount of dopamine in the brain  Taking medicine to target the dopamine doesn’t always help with the symptoms o Tissue loss in the brain  Unknown cause  How does tissue loss relate to symptoms  Onset usually in early 20s Personality Disorder:  Disorder characterized by deeply ingrained, inflexible patterns of thinking, feeling, or relating to others or controlling impulses that cause distress or impaired functioning  50% of population has a personality disorder o most are unaware that they have a disorder o act like its all about them  clusters of personality disorder o 1. Cluster A – odd or eccentric disorders  schizotypal disorder: shows off behavior of unnatural thinking, “magical thinking”  paranoid disorder: this disorder is characterized by the irrational suspicion of others  tough because you can’t tell a paranoid person that they have paranoid disorder  fear of being taken advantage of  schizoid disorders: shows a lack of interest in social events and relationships, avoids time with others  like hermit idea – extreme loners, perfectly comfortable being by themselves, shows little interest in spending time with others  odd/uncomfortable in interactions o 2. Cluster B – dramatic, emotional, or erratic disorders  antisocial disorder: does not care about the law or the rights of others  murderers  lack of empathy, just don’t care  differences in amygdala, don’t process fear the same way  seem friendly, fun, outgoing
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