ENGL 10400 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: False Dilemma, Metacognition, Argument From Analogy

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Monday, November 12, 2018
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Rhetorical strategy: although sentence (use in seventh paragraph)
bolsters your argument
no “I agree…. I feel…”
Cognition: thinking
Metacognition: thinking about thinking (revising)
FALLACIES=BAD ARGUMENTS
Or faulty argument
Formal Fallacies
Informal Fallacies
Logical Fallacies
Rhetorical Fallacies
1. A slippery slope: implies a cascade of events
If you raise minimum wage to 15 dollars, next people will want 20 dollars
next year.”
If you legalize will people will want to marry horses, houses, and bridges
2. Either/or (False Dichotomy, Binary)
Either you are pro abortion or antiabortion
You are either Republican or Democrat
Either you’re with us or you’re against us
3. Hasty Generalization — medication generalizations (jumping to
conclusions)
What is goose is good for the gander
The new flu vaccine is a success for older living in nursing homes; we should
us this vaccine for children.
Pitbulls must be dangerous animals
1
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