ED 250 Lecture 3: Heterosexism, Sexism, Trans-Oppression

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7 Feb 2017
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ED250: Diversity and Multiculturalism
Chapter 6: Sexism, Heterosexism, and Trans-oppression
Key Terms
Biological/Assigned Sex: the physical hormonal, and
genetic characteristics with which we are born that are the
basis for assigning female and male sex
Gender Assignment: the assignment of gender that typically
occurs simultaneously with the assignment of sex at birth,
and based on doctor’s interpretation of the visual
appearance of a baby’s external genitalia, with males
assigned the gender of boy and females as girls
Gender Identity: how we identity our own gender, typically
using terms man/boy and girl/woman, which may or may not
align with the sex assigned to ones body at birth
Gender Expression: the behavioral, aesthetic, and
psychological characteristics by which a person
communicates their gender identity
Gender role: the socially constructed, historically, and
culturally grounded behavioral and psychological
characteristics expected of women (femininity) and men
(masculinity)
Sexual Orientation: a person’s predominant sexual and
emotional attractions towards someone of the same sex
(lesbian or gay)
Trans: an identity category describing a person whose
gender identity does not conform to the sex or gender they
were assigned at birth or who transgresses the boundaries
of gender norms ascribed to their assigned sex and gender
categories at birth
Cisgender: an adjective describing a person whose gender
identity is congruent with their gender assigned at birth
Sexism: prejudiced thoughts and discriminatory actions
based on different sex/gender
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Patriarchy: social system in which power is held by men
Sex: determined by our chromosomes and makeup
Gender: social construct based on a group of emotional,
behavioral, and cultural characteristics
Historical Legacy of Patriarchy
Men, either cisgender or trans, are placed in authority
Male privilege extends to property, leadership, and politics
Male behaviors are valued while female behaviors are not
Women are characteristically only valued when under the
control of men
Misogyny
Hatred of women or concepts associated with women
Found historically in religions, different world cultures, and
philosophy
Examples: preferring male children, violence against
women, degrading women, sexual objectification
Boys and men are not allowed to exhibit any behaviors or
mannerisms that are female or feminine
Biological Determinism
Belief that the gender assigned at birth is rigid and should
be expressed naturally based off of biological sex
Heterosexuality is the only normal sexual orientation
Genes and biological sex characteristics are what defines
an individuals sexuality
Think homosexuality is a behavior that can be changed
Genderism
Expression of gender matches with biological sex
People with matching sexuality, gender, and biological
determination have a higher social status
Roles are expressed by two strict categories: male and
female
Privilege is based on intersection of gender identity, social
class, and race
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