NUR 340L Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Respiratory Acidosis, Water–Electrolyte Imbalance, Somnolence

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8 Feb 2017
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Care of the patient with respiratory disorders
Abnormal Gas Exchange: S/S of Hypoxia
- Dyspnea/ SOB
- Restlessness
- Irritability, change in behavior
- Anxiety
- Confusion
- Syncope
- Increased HR tachycardia
- Increased RR tachypnea
- Elevated BP
- Dysrhythmias
- Pallor, cyanosis
Hyperventilation
- Causes
Anxiety
Fever
ASA overdose
DKA Kussaul’s respiratio – deep and rapid
Infection
PE
Metabolic Acidosis
Seizures
Tachycardia
Decreased BP
Hypokalemia
Hypoventilation
- Causes
Atelectasis
Alveoli collapse
COPD
Over sedation
Electrolyte imbalance
Disorientation, confusion
Lethargy, somnolence
Dizziness
Headache
Convulsions
Coma
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