PT 503L Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Contracture

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9 Nov 2020
Course
Professor
PT 503 Physical Therapy Processes I
Fall 2020
Laboratory 1.1
Body Mechanics
Source: Fairchild, S. L., Kuchler O'Shea, R. and Washington, R. Pierson and Fairchild's Principles
& Techniques of Patient Care, 6th Edition. pp 73 84
Objectives:
1. Identify normal spinal curves and center of gravity when standing
2. Identify normal spinal curves and center of gravity in sitting
3. Identify types of lifts and impact of positions on spinal curves
4. Review guidelines for safe lifting
5. Develop awareness of positions adopted during patient care
Postures and Low Back Pressures:
Activity 1:
Sitting what is your posture?
Standing weight shift.
Standing holding an object
Prolonged positions - when in PT?
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Activity 2: Lifting
When considering a lift:
Prepare yourself
clear paths
estimate activity
know your own abilities
Principles of lifting
Bring your center of gravity (COG) close to the COG of object to be lifted
Widen your base of support (BOS)
Lower your COG (bend knees)
Approach object head on (don’t twist)
When possible, push, pull, roll, or slide object rather than lift
Practicing types of lifts:
Fairchild, S. L., Kuchler O'Shea, R. and Washington, R. Pierson and Fairchild's Principles &
Techniques of Patient Care, 6th Edition
Traditional Lift
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