PSY-1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Reinforcement, Behaviorism, Psych

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10 Jul 2020
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Gustavson and gustavson (1985) conditioned taste aversion. Coyotes killing sheep problem to sheep farmers. Wanted tocondition coyotes not to eat the sheep. Sheep meat (cs) sprinkled with a chemical (ucs) that would produce a stomachache pain (ucr). After coyotes ate the treated meat, they avoided the live sheep (cr) Operant conditioning- a type of learning in which associations are formed between behavior and their outcomes. Another type of associative learning, forming mental associations among stimuli and behaviors. B. f. skinner (1904-1990) was a major proponent of behaviourism. Skinner box: modified cage with levers and buttons. Increase behavior uses positive reinforcements to add stimulus to environment and uses negative reinforcement to remove stimulus from environment. Decrease behavior uses positive punishment to add stimulus to environment and uses negative punishmed to remove stimulus from environment. Reinforcement: prodividng an outcome that increases the likelihood of a behavior. Positive reinforcement: when something desired is given to increase the.

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