Dissociation theories view hypnosis as an altered state involving a division/dissociation of consciousness. Social cognitive theories propose that hypnotic experiences result from expectations of people who are motivated to take on the role of being hypnotized. Most people believe hypnosis involves a trancelike appearance, responsiveness to suggestion, and a loss of self-consciousness. Readiness to respond to hypnotist"s suggestion leads to perception of hypnotic experiences as involuntary. Actions are sincere, but not the result of divided consciousness: people actually believe their actions are involuntary (not a sham) Learning is a process by which experience produces a relatively enduring change in an organism"s behaviour or capabilities. Learning displays importance of adaption but rather than focusing on evolution over many generations, learning focuses on personal adaption to the environment. Capabilities highlights the distinction between knowing how versus doing . Experience may provide knowledge, but science measures learning by change in performance.