01:512:104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Sugar Act, Western Settlement, Ammunition Dump

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Chapter 06 - From Empire to Independence
The Seven Years War in America
Colonial leaders met to unite against France and Indians
The Albany Conference of 1754
Plan of Union
Indian affairs, western settlement be under authority of a grand council
The Colonial and Indian Interests
Ohio valley in French hands, British want valley for settlement=conflict
Indians tried to play French and Brits off
Frontier Warfare
George Washington forced to surrender his force to the French while
trying to kick them out of the Ohio Valley=retaliation
Hard to unite the colonies to fight together=ineffective resistance
The Conquest of Canada
Pitt reversed the war by promising Indians to negotiate=co-operation
and sending in British troops
England would pay for the war
Plains of Abraham, Montcalm vs. Wolfe=Quebec falls, Montreal follows
Treaty of Paris=Brits win
Brits get Florida and New France, French get Martinique and
Guadeloupe and Spain get New Orleans from France
Indians and Europeans Struggle over the West
Europeans bought favor from Indian chiefs, but Brits stopped that in
Ohio valley=anger
Neolim and Pontiac attack Brits to regain land
Conflict ends in stalemate=Appalachians become border for Indians
However without French to balance of the status quo Indians grow
weaker and lose more land
The Imperial Crisis of North America
After Seven Years war Britain begins to reorganization
The Emergence of American Nationalism
Culture differences, British officers beat their soldiers=discipline
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Colonial soldiers were lax
Mutual distrust led to American unity
Fighting in the Seven Years war allowed colonials to associate with
each other=unity
Improved infrastructure=better communications
Newspapers began circulating
Peter Zenger tried for libel against the state=freedom of speech
Politics, Republicanism, and the Press
Influenced by Locke and others
Get rid of aristocracy
Wanted more power for assembly vs. strong state with king to keep
masses in line
The Sugar Act
Only affected merchants
Seven Years war left Britain in debt, attempts to tax people at home
were met with protests=tax the colonists!
Sugar Acts=tax on sugar
Bostonians boycotted British products
Offenders were tried at the Vice Admiralty Court in Halifax which was
hated because mad no presumption of innocence and had no jury trial
The Stamp Act
Affected everyone unlike the sugar act
Mad no only cause of tax but because they had no say in the decision
Rich got richer and poor got poorer= tax hit the poor harder=mob unrest
Stamp Act Congress, passed a set of resolutions denying Parliaments
right to tax colonists without representation
Repeal of the Stamp Act
Hurt by the colonial boycott, British merchants persuade Parliament to
repeal the act
Parliament reserves the right to make all decisions in
colonies=Declaratory Act
Save Your Money and Save Your Country
Stamp Act mostly affected people in the countryside but acts to come
resulted everyone
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