01:512:104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Africanization, Merchant Navy, Royal African Company

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Chapter 04 - Slavery and Empire
The Beginnings of African Slavery
Sugar and Slavery
Portuguese used slaves in Madera
Columbus had slaves in his colonies
Slave in Brazil
Model for efficiency
Dutch expanded sugar market = more slaves
British in Jamaica
French in Martinique
West Africans
Local community was important to blacks
Women had economic independence
Burned wild land to farm
Big population-Timbuktu
Slavery in Africa
More benevolent form of slavery
Incorporated into the family
Slave children were born free
The Demography of the Slave Trade
10 million slaves
Males were favored
Wanted young slaves
Slavers came from all countries in Europe
Actual raiders were black
The Middle Passage
Forts in Africa
Horrible ships
Arrival in the New World
Doctored up to look good so they would be sold
Political Effects in Africa
Losses of people = no more money in Africa
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Slavery comes to North America
Indentured Servants were cheaper
However Europeans began to find out that they could become free in
other colonies (Pennsylvania)
Virginia Slave Code
Can kill slaves
No freedom for slave children
Baptism doesn't matter
The Tobacco Colonies
The South soon became the tobacco colonies
Better conditions that the rest of North America
Lost of food
Slaves weren't killed because they were more useful alive and making
more slaves
The Lower South
South Carolina
Started the FNP slave trade
Shipped FNP to other colonies to prevent rebellion
Rice and Indigo were grown
Both needed slaves and were very profitable
Georgia
Slavery was illegal but that was abandoned
Extension of the South Carolina system
Slavery in the Spanish colonies
Florida offered freedom to any escaped British slave
Escaped slaves had to help defend Florida and convert to Christianity
New Mexico used FNP slaves
French Louisiana
New Orleans
Defended the Mississippi
Not many slaves
Slavery in the North
Few but not concentrated
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