01:512:104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Continental Army, Suffrage, Early American Currency

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Chapter 07 - The Creation of the United States
The War for Independence
Brits had the best army and navy but underestimated Americans
No center for Brits to capture
The Patriot Forces
Mostly militia defended
Short terms of enlistment, undisciplined officers
However Continental army fought the big battles
War had to be won with the Continental Army
Continental army was a rallying symbol
Women played a big role (would help them get rights later)
The Loyalists
1/5th of the people were loyalists
Went to Canada, Britain and the Caribbean
Many slaves and Indians were loyalists
Brits freed slaves-Americans would push aggressively into Indian
territory
Or conservatives who don't like upheaval
Loyalists were not united-couldn't help Brit war effort
Did fight irregular warfare in the south
The Campaign for New York and New Jersey
Brits tried to cut off New England but failed=boast to shattered American
morale
The Politics of Alliances
Wanted a weak American dependent on them
Gave money but reluctant to directly support a republican revolution
Saratoga convinced France to actively support America
Would be the first to recognize America
No peace with Britain without notification of the other
Spain also enters war-gives supplies from New Orleans
Spain wanted to take British possessions in Ohio valley-French were to
make sure that Spanish got there before the Americans
Spanish and French navies meant that Britain had to pull troops out
from New York to protect Caribbean colonies
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Indians and the Revolution
Iroquois joined the Brits as the Americans would more aggressively take
their land
Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws and Chickasaws also joined Britain
However one Iroquois tribe supported America=Iroquois vs. Iroquois
The War in the South
Most important fighting
War here begun with slave uprising
Many blacks fought for Britain
New strategy-lobsters would take control step by step and then give the
land to the loyalists who would run it
Cornwallis decides to abandon the Carolinas for Yorktown,
Virginia=Carolinas fall back into American control
Yorktown
French land 5000 troops the north
French and Americans with French fleet surround Yorktown
In England, Lord North resigns, King George wants to carryon= end of
the war
The United States Congress Assembled
Weak central government
Americans were trying to get rid of a central government in the first
place
The Articles of Confederation
Wanted a loose union of the states
Majority of the states was needed for a decision-but nine states were
needed for a major decision
Federal Government had no power to tax
Financing the War
States had their own currency
Continental currency was useless
Bank of North America-run by Robert Morris-stockpiled gold backed up
new currency=stability
Negotiating the End to the War
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