01:512:104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Caravel, Crop Rotation, Feudalism

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Chapter 02 - When Worlds Collide
Early Settlements
L'ans aux Meadeaux
Columbus in 1492
European Communities
Agricultural society
Late technology boom = more food = more people
Iron plows
Crop rotation
Feudalism
Catholic Church was powerful
Jew became successful merchants
The Merchant Class
Genoa, Pisa and Venice became powerful
Rich
Fleets
Financed crusades
Renaissance
The New Monarchies
Replace lords as center of power
Built royal bureaucracies
Had state navies and armies
Support from merchants
Portuguese Explorations
Henry the Navigator = Sagres Point (Naval College)= developed the
Caravel
Knew the world was round
Easter influences at Sagres Point
Vasco da Gama-rounded Cape of Good Hope = India and China
Established slave trade
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