01:512:104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: New England French, Middle Colonies, Age Of Enlightenment

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Chapter 05 - The Cultures of Colonial North America
North American Regions
Impressive similarities between the Indian cultures: general adaptation
to European culture
Indian America
Became more independent on European goods
During American Revolution they asserted independence
Played off each the powers, tried to be neutral
French had better relations as they had no expansion plans, however
French could be just as ruthless
Most Indian alliances with French were result of British fear of
expansion
Indians lost most of their people, Europeans didn't
Indians benefited from the horse
The Spanish Borderlands
New Spain was the must prosperous colony, however Spain in North
America was poor
In Florida, competition for St. Augustine between Brits and
Spanish=good relations with Indians in Florida
St. Augustine also had large black population as it was the destination
for many slaves
In New Mexico, the population was poor but expanding, as was
Louisiana
California was deadly
Religion played a big role in all the colonies
The French Crescent
In New France religion and state were the same
Thinly populated
New Orleans was the most profitable colony
French colony of inclusion=women get property rights, metis, and Indian
clothes
New England
Puritan Government
All male churchgoers were voters=all laws were mad by religion
Not tolerable to other religions
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Roger Williams (Rhode Island) argued for toleration
John Locke argued for toleration=Toleration Act=other religions in New
England
French and Hurons in the north=no settlement up there
The Middle Colonies
New York was the most ethnically diverse
Rich landowners choose to rent versus sell=Pennsylvania more
attractive
Quakers who ran Pennsylvania were tolerant vs. Puritans in New
England
In Pennsylvania land was sold in individual lots vs. communal plots
In Pennsylvania people moved around more than in New
England=settlement of the individual=basis for future expansion
The Backcountry
Modest lifestyle
Disdain for rank
The South
White, black, and Indians
Most of the population was black slaves
Plantation was the institution for social life in Charleston
Charleston grew rice
In the Chesapeake tobacco was grown=smaller plots=more diverse
mosaic of farmers
Growing racial solidarity between whites
Traditional Culture in the New World
Due submission for the general good
Traditional farming vs. plantation farming
Traditional farms diversified (self sufficient) plantation or commercial
farming wasn't
Guilds in cities
Few opportunities for women, however some did take on husbands
work after their death
The Frontier Heritage
Labor was in short supply as people could own their own farms easily
In Spanish colonies people had Apache slaves
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