01:512:381 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Child Labor Amendment, Equal Rights Amendment, Anti-Suffragism

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Big Question
Were Klan women “women’s rights” advocates?”
Class Outline
Background -- Conservatism & the 1920s
Reactions to Progressivism, Red Scare & WWI
18th, 19th and (would-be) 20th amendments
1923: Equal Rights Amendment (not submitted to states)
1924: Child Labor Amendment (not passed by states)
Varieties of women’s conservatism: anti-suffragists to Women of the Ku Klux Klan
Women of the Ku Klux Klan
Women’s WWI participation: Recruitment
During the War women’s participation in the government and in the military/navy/marines
Red Cross / YWCA / Salvation Army
Important because it was significant in the argument that women should vote
Anti-Radicalism and Anti-Immigration: 1919 Red Scare
After WWI natives become racist against immigrants (Germans were restricted from speaking
German etc.)
Came out of Boston
Trying to protect the home because they thought politics would corrupt the woman
Elizabeth Lowell Putnam
Maternalist: Pioneer in child and maternal health care
An “Anti”
Child Labor Amendment
Equal Rights Amendment
Sheppard-Towner Act
Socio-Political Context of the Klan Women
Klan Women Support:
Role of nativism, fundamentalism
Oppose Child Labor Amendment & Communism
Protestant nativism & religious fundamentalism
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