01:512:381 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Child Labor Amendment, Equal Rights Amendment, Anti-Suffragism

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Big Question
Were Klan women “women’s rights” advocates?”
Class Outline
Background -- Conservatism & the 1920s
Reactions to Progressivism, Red Scare & WWI
18th, 19th and (would-be) 20th amendments
1923: Equal Rights Amendment (not submitted to states)
1924: Child Labor Amendment (not passed by states)
Varieties of women’s conservatism: anti-suffragists to Women of the Ku Klux Klan
Women of the Ku Klux Klan
Women’s WWI participation: Recruitment
During the War women’s participation in the government and in the military/navy/marines
expanded.
Red Cross / YWCA / Salvation Army
Important because it was significant in the argument that women should vote
Anti-Radicalism and Anti-Immigration: 1919 Red Scare
After WWI natives become racist against immigrants (Germans were restricted from speaking
German etc.)
Anti-Suffragists
Came out of Boston
Trying to protect the home because they thought politics would corrupt the woman
Elizabeth Lowell Putnam
Maternalist: Pioneer in child and maternal health care
An “Anti”
Prohibition
Suffrage
Child Labor Amendment
Equal Rights Amendment
Sheppard-Towner Act
Socio-Political Context of the Klan Women
Klan Women Support:
Prohibition
Suffrage
Role of nativism, fundamentalism
Oppose Child Labor Amendment & Communism
Protestant nativism & religious fundamentalism
Temperance
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