01:512:381 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Ku Klux Klan, Thirteenth Amendment To The United States Constitution, Convict Lease

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Women and Reform, I
African American Women Reformers Behind and Against the Color Line
The Context: The End of Reconstruction
Abridging the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments
Creation and passage of Black Codes of 1860s
Rise of Klu Klux Klan - use of terror to limit rights of African Americans
Restoration to power of former slaveholders
**Read the Mississippi Black Codes (1865)
Around 1872/1877 Reconstruction is over -- nobody really cares anymore and the quality of life
basically reverts back to what it was. 13th amendment was basically violated through penal
codes (convict lease).
Heavily limits the rights in the court of law, physical intimidation, lots of laws passed that kept
African Americans from actually using those three amendments.
North wasn’t so much by the book segregation but more so societal segregation. Still a toxic
environment (nobody makes laws don’t really happen)
Period of extreme entrenchment
The gains made are basically reverted.
Segregation is CREATED in the late 19th century
Segregation is a legal separation between races
Segregation against multiple minority groups
African Americans
Asian Americans
Native Americans
Anti Miscegenation Laws
Prevented interracial relationships
African American Women’s Reform Issues
Range of reform or social issues
Education (number one importance)
Migrants rural to towns
Orphans
hospitals/health
Charity
Anti-violence
Suffrage
Anti-segregation
New York - home of abolition
NAACP started in 1909
Big Question
Is some resistance more “resistant” than others?
More effective?
Does one type of approach have different implications for long term?
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