Class Notes (998,810)
US (389,558)
Rutgers (11,300)
2:59 (1,986)
01:119:115 (994)
Lecture 1

01:119:115 Lecture 1: Lecture 1: Memory and Learning

2 Pages
62 Views
Fall 2018

Department
Biological Science
Course Code
01:119:115
Professor
Stern-Cardinale
Lecture
1

This preview shows half of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
I. Memory and Learning
a. Neural development
Nervous System consists of neurons (primary functioning cells) and
supporting cells
Developmental Process involves gene expressions and signal
expression
b. Neuronal Plasticity
Neuronal Plasticity = The ability of the nervous system to be
modified after birth
Dynamic; can be remodeled at the synapses (junctions between
neurons)
Changes are activity dependent; they must be used often if not the
synapses will not be needed anymore and start to disappear
Memory: use it or lose it
High activity = many connections, low activity = lose connections
Synapses take a lot of energy to maintain so if you don’t use it you
lose it to save energy
Multiple active synapses = stronger response at all synapses
(easier to remember something if you connect it w/ something)
c. Memory
Memory = physiological event occuring at synapses dependent on
neuronal plasticity and activity
Short Term Memory (STM) = information is stored for a short time
(5-7 seconds) and released if it’s irrelevant
Long Term Memory (LTM) = information that needs to be retained,
when it is needed it is retrieved into STM
Memory DOES NOT = learning
Learning = use of knowledge/ experiences (memory) to decrease
the likelihood of a negative outcome
One does better as a result of learning
d. Long Term Potentiation (LTP)
Lasting increase in the strength of synaptic transmission -
physiological changes
Facilitates memory and retrieval
Activity dependent = robust synapses
Learner needs to use the information for long term potentiation
Use of information is a sorting process
Use → important → retained
Not used → unimportant → discarded

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
I. Memory and Learning a. Neural development Nervous System consists of neurons (primary functioning cells) and supporting cells Developmental Process involves gene expressions and signal expression b. Neuronal Plasticity Neuronal Plasticity = The ability of the nervous system to be modified after birth Dynamic; can be remodeled at the synapses (junctions between neurons) Changes are activity dependent; they must be used often if not the synapses will not be needed anymore and start to disappear Memory: use it or lose it High activity = many connections, low activity = lose connections Synapses take a lot of energy to maintain so if you dont use it you lose it to save energy Multiple active synapses = stronger response at all synapses (easier to remember something if you connect it w/ something) c. Memory Memory = physiological event occuring at synapses dependent on neuronal plasticity and activity Short Term Memory (STM) = information is stored for a short time (5-7 seconds) and released if its irrelevant Long Term Memory (LTM) = information that needs to be retained, when it is needed it is retrieved into STM Memory DOES NOT = learning Learning = use of knowledge/ experiences (memory) to decrease the likelihood of a negative outcome One does better as a result of learning d. Long Term Potentiation (LTP) Lasting increase in the strength of synaptic transmission - physiological changes Facilitates memory and retrieval Activity dependent = robust synapses Learner needs to use the information for long term potentiation Use of information is a sorting process Use important retained Not used unimportant discarded encodin Sensory encodin Short Long stimulu Memory
More Less
Unlock Document
Start your 2 week free trial

Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Start your 2 week free trial
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Start your 2 week free trial

Share with your friends

Get 2 friends to sign-up for a free trial as well, and get an additional free week

Next

You've reached the limit of 4 previews this month

Create an account for unlimited previews.

Already have an account?

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit