Introduction to General Biology 115, Fall 2013
Dr. Carolyn d’Arville, PhD. MS. Fed.
Sunday October 6 , 3-4:20 pm
Sunday November 10 , 3-4:20 pm
Saturday December 21, 1-4 pm
Lower Level Questions
Level 1 Level 2
Level 1: Recall or know a single fact
i.e. name, label, match, identify, define
Level 2: Recall or know several facts
i.e. name/identify multiple item, label diagram
Upper Level Questions
Level 3 Level 4
Level 3: Integrated understanding of a system
i.e. compare/contrast, categorize, comprehend system
Level 4: Extend understanding to novel situations or integrate systems
i.e. hypothesize, assess novel situation, select/justify diagnosis or treatment
Biology – The scientific study of life.
- How does a single cell develop into an organism?
- How does the human mind work?
- How does living things interact in communities?
Theme 1: Study of life can be divided into different levels of biological organization.
New properties emerge at each level in the biological hierarchy. 9/3/13
Emergent Properties and Reductionism
Emergent properties result from arrangement and interaction of parts within a
i.e. Functioning bicycle emerges only when all necessary parts connect in a
Reduction of complex systems to simpler components that are more manageable to
i.e. Study molecular structure of DNA helps us understand chemical basis of
Understanding Biology Balances Reduction with Emergence
Systems bioconstructs models for the dynamic behavior of whole biological systems
- How does a drug for blood pressure affect other organs?
- How does increasing Co alt2r the biosphere?
Theme 2: Organisms interact with other organisms and the physical environment.
No organism lives in complete isolation.
- Every organism interacts with its environment (abiotic) and organisms
Theme 3: Life requires energy transfers and transformation.
Energy flows through ecosystem in as light, out as heat.
- Living organisms transform energy from one form to another.
Theme 4: Form vs. Function
- i.e. Leaves are thin and flat, max capture of light by chloroplasts.
- i.e. Bird’s wing adapted to flight.
* Why things are the way they are?! *
Theme 5: Cells are the lowest level of organization that preform all required for life.
Eukaryotic vs. Pr