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Lecture

INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION PROCESSES Lecture Notes [Part 7]

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Department
Communication and Information
Course
04:189:101
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture #7: February 13 , 2014 th 02/13/2014 Mini Lecture I. Review i. Scholarly Paradigms ii. Models of Communication Processes iii. Communication in the Wild iv. Evolutionary Complexity of Community II. More On Evolution Complexity i. Recap 1. Vervet Monkeys (Cheney & Seyfarth, 1980) a. 50 calls i. Not just fear (emotional response) ii. Not  involuntary iii. Is Learned ii. Apes and Sign Language 1.  Apes aren’t well equipped for speech 2. Apes can a. Learn Associations not only between signs and visable objects but  also between signs and some more abstract concepts (smell, food). b. Can creatively combine signs to refer to unknown things (e.g., “finger”  + “bracelet” = “ring”). c. Can learn to combing two things iii. Major Differences 1. Primate Language a. Repertoire Size i. Natural: 50 calls ii. Learned: Up to 200 words b. Syntax i. Nope. ii. No Grammatical Words c. Productivity i. Nope 2. Human Language a. Repertoire i. High School vocabulary: 2,000 words ii. Understand: 45,000 words b. Syntax i. Yup ii. Many Grammatical Words c. Productivity i. Yup! iv. Syntax 1. Rules for combining words into sentences a. Ape Example: “Give Hat” b. Human with syntax: “You give the hat to me” (Present tense  command) c. Ape without syntax: i. “You give the hat to me” (command) OR ii. “I give the hat to you” (Offer), OR iii. “I gave the hat to her” (Past Tense) v. Productivity 1. Expandability a. Man, the man, the tall man, the tall man with the black coat… 2. A finite number of words can be arranged into infinite messages a. Creativity of language III. Evolutionary Foundations of Human Communication i. Humans are Biologically Natural Talkers 1. Humans are literally “built” for talking, cognitively and physically 2. Acquiring and using language is a human cultural universal 3. Our predisposition to language is hard­wired: “language instinct”
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