01:202:203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Cesare Beccaria, Juvenile Delinquency, Anthropological Criminology

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Tuesday, February 7, 2017
Theory
criminology anthropology: studying the face shape and size to determine criminal
behavior
Open Corrections to page 43 (talking about theory)
“How and why theory is important, and interesting”
The geometry here is the cylinder
Improves security by enhancing its own economy
Put the guard in tower in the middle with cells surrounding the tower, easier and more
economically wise
Want to create a mindset that the guard is everywhere, like God is watching
everywhere
Now prisons achieve this by surveillance cameras
Under optical surveillance by video cameras, they conform and adapt to the
omniscient deity
Bentham’s theory is that when you put convicts under that type of long-term
surveillance, they internalize the gaze, they feel they’re always being watched
When they leave the penal system and enter the community, they feel the same way
and officers tap into their anxiety by telling them about parole officers
pg 44 he talks about the visibility of the guard tower, but its also unverifiable, the
prisoners are never really sure whether the guard is looking at them, so they stay on
the safe side
There will be windows with bars in the back so prisoners can be seen by visible
sunlight
Called theater of punishment, because the sunlight puts on a sort of spotlight for the
prisoners
The prison is the experimental model for the surveillance state
!1
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