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Lecture 4

01:730:329 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Hilary Putnam, Multiple Realizability, Classical Conditioning

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February 6 lecture
Hilary putnam reading review
What is behaviorism
One can infer what a person is thinking/feeling based off their behavior
Also thinks that psychology should not describe what’s going on in the mind by
theoretical beliefs, it should only go off of behavior
Skinner was an influential psychologist for behaviorism
Conditioned rats and discovered that animals create associations
Pavlov dog experiment w food and metronome
Classical conditioning
Operative conditioning
Provide a reward based off of certain behavior
Methodological behaviorism - science should focus on observable entities (only
focus on behavior)
Analytical behaviorism - mental concepts refer to behavioral tendencies
(everything comes down to behavior)
Advantages of behaviorism
Compatible with physicalism
The mental is directly observable
Multiple realizability
Different beings are able to agree on a certain belief
I.e. octopus, human, and robot all believe that a room is
cold; however, their internal states are different
Problems with behaviorism
To define my belief of going to the dentist at 2pm means that i have to
state that i want to be at the dentist by 2 otherwise, the behavior of
arriving by 2pm does not count as having a 2pm appointment
Mentalism is the opposite school of thought to behaviorism
What is functionalism
What is the identity theory
Mental states are identical to brain states
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