01:790:311 Lecture 2: Jan 23 (2)

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January 23, 2017
Why Study Europe?
1957
o Creation of the European Union
2007
o The Berlin Declaration was published to mark the fiftieth anniversary
of the European Union.
2008
o Within a year of the Berlin Declaration, the world faced one of the
worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of 1930
2009-2010
o Low turnout of voters to European Parliament Election, Greek
Economic crisis
European participants seem uninterested in politics at this time
Greek Economic Crisis adds both economic crisis to the
political crisis at that time
2017
o Marks the 60th Anniversary of the European Union
Success and Failure
Ongoing tension between success and failure, optimism and pessimism
part of story of European integration since its emergence
o There is a fluctuation between success and failure for the European
Union adding tension to the EU
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2
Lasting peace in Europe, revitalization of European Marketplace, alteration
of global balance of power.
o There is finally a lasting peace at this time which isn’t commonly seen
in Europe.
o Quiet Revolution
Europe can emerge now as a large global power
Problems with unemployment, productivity, labor market restrictions,
declining and aging population.
o There will not be something similar to the United States of America
(USA) where everyone is connected in Europe (not USE United
States of Europe)
o There were a lot of issues in Europe that could not be solved on a
national level in the EU
Example: unemployment in Germany wouldn’t be dealt with on
a national level, it would be dealt with on a country level.
Germany would help Germany.
o If all people are educated enough they can all get jobs and they can all
provide for their families.
The basis of the economy lies in parliament because it is the job
of the country to make sure people get educated to get jobs to
further the economy.
o Declining and Aging population is a problem for the EU because
public policies will be effected based on the declining population.
They’d have to change national laws if there is a large change
in number for a population
WWI
o 1914-1920
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WWII
o 1938-1945
WWI and WWII
o We call them both World Wars but they’re both fought in Europe.
Europe had a lot of colonies so if you have a war in Europe the
war will spread to their colonies that are spread around the
whole world and that’s why it became a world war.
The European Union and Europeans
The European Union helped redefined the way how Europeans see Europe
themselves and how the world sees Europe
o Going back to the Cold War era, Europe was very quiet and wasn’t
really doing anything.
o Some European countries were creating things nationally which was
great but not everyone in Europe was doing things and therefore it
wasn’t a universal appreciation of all of Europe.
Building common body of laws and policies brought Europeans closer
together to their mutual advantage.
o Working on common policies for all 27 states for everyone to have an
advantage.
European Experiment and Sovereignty of the States
Undermines sovereignty of the member states
o Westphalia Treaty
1648
We call this time the “birth of the nation state”
Empires shouldn’t exist anymore
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