Chapter 8 Executive Branch and Federal
1. administrative A quasijudicial process in which a bureaucratic agency settles
adjudication disputes between two parties in a manner similar to the way courts
2. administrative The ability of bureaucrats to make choices concerning the best way
discretion to implement congressional intentions.
3. bureaucracy A set of complex hierarchical departments, agencies, commissions,
and their staff that exist to help a chief executive officer carry out his
or her duties. Bureaucracies may have private organizations or
4. Bureaucracy The bureaucracy gets much of tis power from the Congress
works by delegating its power. A variety of formal and informal mechanisms
have been created to help the bureaucracy work more efficiently.
these mechanisms help the bureaucracy and bureaucrats make
5. civil service The legal system by which many federal bureaucrats are selected.
6. Controls in Agencies enjoy considerable discretion, but they are also subjected to
place to make many formal controls. The president, Congress, and the judiciary all
bureaucratic exercise various degrees of control over the bureaucracy.
7. department major administrative unit with responsibility for a broad area of
government operations. Departmental status usually indicates a
permanent national interest in a particular governmental function,
such as defense, commerce, or agriculture.
8. executive order Rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law.
All executive orders must be published in the Federal Register.
9. Federal The 1993 liberalization of the Hatch act. Federal employees are now
Employees allowed to run for office in nonpartisan elections and to contribute
Political money to campaigns to partisan elections.
10 government Business established by Congress to perform functions that can be
. corporation provided by private business.
11 Hatch Act The 1939 act to prohibit civil servants from taking the activists roles
. in partisan campaigns. This act prohibited federal employees from
making political contributions, working for a particular party, or
campaigning for a particular candidate.
12 implementation The process by which a law or policy is put into operation by the
13 independent Governmental unit that closely resembles a Cabinet department but
. executive agency has a narrower area of responsibility (such as the Central Chapter 8 Executive Branch and Federal
Intelligence Agency) and is not part of any Cabinet department.
14 independent An agency created by congress that is general concerned with a
. regulatory specific aspect of the economy.
15 interagency W