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01:830:101 (214)

Socrates & Critical Thinking

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Rutgers University
Professor Gonzalez

SocratesThursday July 25 2013150 AMThe intellectual roots of critical thinking are as ancient as its etymology traceable ultimately to the teaching practice and vision of Socrates 2500 years agoDiscovered by a method of probing questioning that people could not rationally justify their confident claims to knowledge Confused meanings inadequate evidence or selfcontradictory beliefs often lurked beneath smooth but largely empty rhetoric Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in authority to have sound knowledge and insight He demonstrated that persons in a high position can still be deeply confused and irrational He established the importance of asking deep questions that require much thinking before we accept ideas as worthy of beliefHe established the importance of seeking evidence closely examining reasoning and assumptions analyzing basic concepts and tracing out implications not only of what is said but of what is done as well His method of questioning is now known as Socratic Questioning and is the best known critical thinking teaching strategy which highlights the need for thinking for clarity and logical consist
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