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Lecture 10

01:830:271 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Erik Erikson, Lev Vygotsky, Toilet Training

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Vygotsky considered private speech a kind of self-____
Erik Erikson
Psycho-Social Development
o Oral satisfaction for second stage
o Potty training for the first stage
o Biology is not the only factor we are shaped by our societies as well
8 Stages of Man
o Crisis
Each stage is defined by each crisis
Freud every stage was defined by a part of the body sexually
Heightened sense of vulnerability
Things are unsettled hope for positive change
A question that needs to be resolved in each stage positive vs. negative each stage
Name of each crisis opposite pole of continuum
o Balance
Healthy resolution should be a little bit of negative, more toward the positive.
Moving toward a resolution of the crisis because on to the next stage (could be positive
or negative)
Negative does not necessarily bad should be mostly positive but a little bit of negative
o Move on to the next stage:
What causes us to move on to the next stage?
Does think that biology and maturation are important in contributing in the movement to
the next stage
Equally important are cultural and society pressures that force you to move on to the
next stages
Expectations, pressures, and encouragement
As you get older, there are more expectations
If you are maturing physically, you will mature in society a’t get stuk/go ak
The way you resolve one stage, it will influence the next stage resolution
Erikson on Developmental Issues
Discontinuity because there are 8 stages
Nature and Nurture because he believes society is more important in moving in stages but also
believes biology
Change real developmental change as you continue through adulthood
Stage 1 Trust vs Mistrust
Can I trust the world/my environment to support me? Can others trust me?
Why now?
o Physical forces dependent on other people
o Societal Forces parents are providing a predictable and responsible parenting; confident in
child caring/rearing abilities
On demand feeding whenever the baby cries he gets fed; the child expects food when
he cries
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