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Lecture 7

01:830:271 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Lawrence Kohlberg, Childhood Obesity, Eating Disorder

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1. Adolescents use their reasoning skills ____, dismissing findings that threaten their
beliefs and admitting findings compatible with their beliefs.
a. selectively
2. Although the number of high school athletes who get injured playing their sport is
not small enough to ignore, the fact is that
a. most of those injuries are minor, such as bruises and strained muscles.
3. A primary cause of death that is common to both adolescent girls and boys is
a. motor vehicle accidents.
4. A problem-solving strategy that tends to be very fast and require little effort, but
that does not guarantee a successful solution to a problem, is a(n) ____.
a. Heuristic
5. At the ____ level of morality in Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of moral reasoning,
adolescents and adults look to society’s norms for moral guidance.
a. Conventional
6. Dontee is a typical teenager. Research has indicated that the moodiness that he is
exhibiting is most likely due to
a. frequent changes in social settings and activities.
7. Girls who experience harsher punishment by their mothers during their preschool
and young childhood years are likely to
a. experience an earlier onset of menarche.
8. If you were asked to develop an effective program for preventing eating disorders in
teens, you should
a. NOT avoid teaching about specific diets.
b. NOT create a highly structured environment in which the teens' eating is strictly
controlled by an adult.
9. In recent years, childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity has
a. been described as an epidemic
10. In the Victor Hugo story Les Misérables, a character named Valjean steals a loaf of
bread to feed his starving niece. How would a person in the instrumental orientation
of Kohlberg’s stages describe Valjean’s theft?
a. It is okay that he took the bread, because his niece will probably give him a big
hug and kiss for getting her something to eat.”
11. In what way is genetics related to a child’s risk of developing obesity?
a. Heredity contributes to tendencies to overeat, to be sedentary, or to be less able to
convert fat to fuel.
12. Kendra is a 15-year-old girl who has been experiencing menstruation since she was
12 years of age. During her monthly period she loses some hemoglobin, the matter in
red blood cells that carries oxygen. In order to replace this hemoglobin in her body,
she should make sure she eats a diet that has adequate amounts of ____.
a. Iron
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