01:830:321 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Biological Specificity, Collectivism, Deindividuation
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Group Processes Part 1
What is a Group?
●Group: consists of two or more people who interact and are interdependent in the sense
that their needs and goals cause them to influence each other
●A set of people who have at least one of the following characteristics
●Joint membership in a social category
●Direct interactions with each other over a period of time
●A shared common fate, identity or set of goals
What is a Collective?
●An assembly of people engaging in a common activity but having little direct interaction
with each other
●Not a real group
●Low in social integration
●Some social psychological processes are unique to real groups
Social Facilitation: When the Presence of Others Energizes Us
●Social Facilitation: tendency for people to do better on simple tasks and worse on
complex tasks when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance
can be evaluated
●Performed the task faster when other were present
●Took longer when others were present
●Zajonc’s Mere Présence Theory: all animals are aroused by the presence of conspecific
●Suggested that we can understand the influence other on performance by
considering three factors
Why Does Social Facilitation Occur?
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