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Lecture 4

01:830:321 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Biological Specificity, Collectivism, Deindividuation

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Group Processes Part 1
What is a Group?
Group: consists of two or more people who interact and are interdependent in the sense
that their needs and goals cause them to influence each other
A set of people who have at least one of the following characteristics
Joint membership in a social category
Direct interactions with each other over a period of time
A shared common fate, identity or set of goals
What is a Collective?
An assembly of people engaging in a common activity but having little direct interaction
with each other
Not a real group
Low in social integration
Some social psychological processes are unique to real groups
Social Facilitation: When the Presence of Others Energizes Us
Social Facilitation: tendency for people to do better on simple tasks and worse on
complex tasks when they are in the presence of others and their individual performance
can be evaluated
Performed the task faster when other were present
Took longer when others were present
Zajonc’s Mere Présence Theory: all animals are aroused by the presence of conspecific
Suggested that we can understand the influence other on performance by
considering three factors
Dominant response
Task difficulty
Why Does Social Facilitation Occur?
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