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Lecture 14

01:830:338 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Romanian Orphans, Rhesus Macaque, Attachment In Adults


Department
Psychology
Course Code
01:830:338
Professor
Professor Lyra Stein
Lecture
14

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Lecture 14: Personality and Relationships
Attachment
Childhood attachment enduring, emotional bond between child and caregiver
(Bowlby)
Adult as secure base from which to explore
Sense of security
Provides base from which to explore the world
Attachment theory childhood attachment becomes internalized
Child develops “working models” of the self, others, and the nature of
relationships
Sets the stage for approaches to adult relationships
Psychoanalytic theory mother as source of oral gratification
Learning theory mother provides food and becomes secondary reinforcer
Henry Harlow proximity and security most important
Rhesus monkeys cloth (no food) vs. wire (food) mother
Romanian orphanages little contact with adults
Much lower rate of secure attachment style
Infant Attachment Styles
Strange situation (Ainsworth, 1973) how does baby respond when mother returns?
Secure
Insecure-anxious-ambivalent
Insecure-avoidant
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Adult Attachment Styles
Hazan and Shaver (1987) adult attachment theory
Attachment bond between adult romantic partners resembles emotional bond
between infants and their primary caregiver
Prototype hypothesis experiences with caregivers in early childhood shape
attachment representations that serve as prototypic mental models of adult
attachment relationships
Adult Attachment Styles Three Category Approach (Hazan & Shaver, 1987)
Secure describe love relationship as happy and trusting
Insecure-anxious-ambivalent describe love as obsessive preoccupation
Insecure-avoidant believe that love doesn’t last
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