01:830:364 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Same Mistake

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- The Tails of Raccoon: Secrets of Addiction
- This scientific story was developed to educate the general public about the
science of the loss of self control
- The storyline is modeled on the MIsbehavior Effect described by the Brelands
- The lesson of the story is that the pairings of object with reward may induce the
disconnect between action and intention
- The misbehavior effect provides a model of the loss of self control and firs the
circumstances of drug addiction
- Flying Under the Radar
- Addiction is stealthy
- The Lament of the Addict: “Why Can't I quit?”
- I don't understand. I want to quit. Why do i keep doing this?
- I made up my mind to quit. But, I always end up changing my mind
- Why the Addict can Quit
- Sign tracking is an acquired reflex
- Peeking at Blindness
- Sign tracking is the blind spot in the drug addiction process
- “I was blindsided. I never saw it coming”
- Addicts are blind to their inability to their inability to control their drug taking
- Making Sense of it
- I took the drug because I must have intended to do it. I must have changed my
- Blind to Sign Tracking
- Drug taking due to Sign tracking is camouflaged to pass for intended drug taking
- Our Map of the Universe
- The action is driven by a motive, a motivation to perform the action
- Repeating the Same Mistake
- The addict ignorant of Sign Tracking interprets drug taking as intended
- Not a problem. I got this. I'm in control.
- More object-reward pairings further strengthen sign tracking
- Drug taking escapes self control
- Features Common to Sign Tracking and Drug Taking
- Acquired: Both responses are acquired as a function of experience with pairing
of a stimulus (CS) with a reward (US)
- Reflexive: Both the responses exhibit properties of an acquired reflex, performed
automatically without the formation of a specific intention to do it
- Triggered: Both the responses are triggered or elicited by a stimulus (CS) that
has been repeatedly paired with drug reward (US)
- Involuntary
- COmpulsive
- Durable
- Relapse-like Effects
- The Disconnect: Action vs Intention
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