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Lecture 14

01:840:211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Arhat, Human Beings In Buddhism, Gautama Buddha


Department
Religion
Course Code
01:840:211
Professor
Lammerts
Lecture
14

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3 Bodies of the Buddha:
1. “Dharma body” “body of truth”
1. Refers to the essence of the Buddha’s teaching, his dharma exceeds the actual
person of the Buddha and remains after he is gone. This body is the foundation
and source of all Buddha’s
2. “Body of enjoyment” “cosmic body”
1. The cosmic manifestation of any infinite # of Buddha’s who reside in a pure land
or Buddha field or another higher plane of existence where they teach the
bodhisattvas, this body really attains enlightenment
3. “Created body”
1. The manifestation of a Buddha in history for the purpose of teaching people.
Sakyamuni is an example of this animation. According to certain Mahayana texts,
Gautama was merely a manifestation of an enjoyment body in the human realm.
Kamma: Sanskrit- karma
- Performance of meritorious/unmeritorious actions resulted in good kamma and bad kamma
and determined the status of an individual's birth
- Actions (kamma) that work to preserve and protect the Buddhist sasana from its eventual
disappearance
Dhamma: Sanskrit- dharma
- The truth or law discovered and taught by a Buddha
- Knowledge of world as unhappiness, impermanence, non-soul
- Arahant fully realized the Dhamma discovered by a Buddha
Arahant (arhat):
- Learned the doctrine of liberation from a Buddha
- Fully realized the Dhamma and discovered by a Buddha
- Attains enlightenment by relying on teachings of a Buddha, not themselves
- an arahant’s nibbana is less than a Buddha
Arhat path:
- Going along with teachings from Buddha, the path to becoming an arahant
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